Explainer: A guide to Victoria’s emissions targets and progress


Victoria's emissions profile is heavily influenced by its reliance on coal-fired power plants, particularly in the Latrobe Valley, alongside significant contributions from the transport and agriculture sectors.

Emissions Trend Over the Last Decade

The past decade has seen a fluctuating trend in Victoria's emissions, with some reductions attributed to the gradual closure of coal-fired power stations and increased renewable energy generation.

Comparison with Other States and Territories

Victoria's emissions are substantial, reflecting its status as one of Australia's most populous and industrially active states. However, emissions per capita are lower than more resource-intensive states like Queensland and Western Australia.

Emissions Reduction Targets

Victoria has set a reduction target of 50% by 2030 compared to 2005 levels, aiming for net-zero emissions by 2050.

Alignment with National and International Goals

The state's targets are designed to be in line with Australia's national commitments under the Paris Agreement, contributing to global efforts to limit warming.

Progress Towards Targets

Assessments suggest Victoria is progressing towards its 2030 target, supported by investments in renewable energy and electric vehicle infrastructure. However, long-term goals pose a greater challenge.

Key Sectors Contributing to Emissions

The energy sector remains the largest emitter, followed by transport and agriculture. The transition away from coal and increased vehicle emissions are areas of focus.

Impact of State Characteristics

Victoria's climate policies are shaped by its economic mix, with a strong services sector and dense urban centers requiring tailored approaches to emissions reduction.

Key Policies for Emissions Reduction

  • Renewable Energy: Victoria has emphasized wind and solar investments, including large-scale battery storage projects to stabilize the grid.
  • Electric Vehicles (EVs): The state has introduced incentives for EV purchases and is expanding charging infrastructure to reduce transport emissions.

Challenges in Emissions Reduction

Transitioning the energy sector away from coal while maintaining reliability and affordability remains a critical challenge, alongside curbing the growth in transport emissions.

Opportunities for Emissions Reduction

Victoria's strong technology sector and research institutions provide a foundation for innovation in renewable energy and sustainable urban development, offering pathways to achieve and potentially exceed its emissions targets.

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